Asthma is a long term condition affecting the airways. They become inflammed and narrowed and it causes breathlessness, cough and wheezing. It can occur at any age. There is no single test to diagnose asthma. Diagnosis is usually made from careful questioning about symptoms and supported with tests such as Peak Flow monitoring at home ( simple blowing test that can be performed at home over a few weeks) and spirometry (a breathing test that can be performed in the clinic). Triggers for asthma can be identified including allergies.
Skin prick allergy testing can be performed in the clinic.
Treatment usually involves taking inhalers ( puffers) with the aim of making patients as symptom free as possible.